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Small or obvious typos are generally not noted

Last updated March 2024


Stuff Smith and Robert Crum, Complete 1944 Rosenkrantz Apartment Transcriptions

Crum did not follow Smith to New York in the autumn of 1944. In fact, he arrived in New York from Chicago in late spring or early summer, well before Smith’s August arrival.

read: . . . Gold Seal with ex-Joe Venuti drummer and Louis . . ., not Gold Star with Louis . . .


ABCD1-006 Ray Perry, Complete 1944 C. W. French and 1945 Rosenkrantz Apartment Transcriptions

Lewis Porter has kindly identified the tenor sax soloists as follows:

Sweet Georgia Brown: 1st solo Nicholas; 2nd solo Heffron; mostly Heffron in closing ensemble

I Surrender Dear: Nicholas

Undecided: 1st solo Nicholas; 2nd solo Heffron (from 4:28); closing ensemble prob. Heffron 1st chorus; Nicholas more dominant 2nd chorus

read: Wilson Ernest[ine] Myers, not Ernest Wilson Myers

read: “How High the Moon”, not “High High the Moon”

read: Sherman Freeman, not Jeremy Freeman

read: That year [1946], and again in 1947 and 1949–1950, he recorded boppish alto with Illinois Jacquet., i.e. add: and 1949–1950

read: A two-title recording on violin and alto of a trio including Jaki Byard is currently unlocated., not No other recordings are known.

Ray Perry did not die in the fanciful way we reported. He died of Bright’s disease, or glomerulonephritis. We are grateful to his daughter Jule Byrd and grandson Alton Byrd for setting the record straight, and we offer them our apologies.

We describe our c.1941 liner photo of Perry as showing him playing a Vega electric violin. This may not be true. The 1941 Down Beat ad to which we refer does indeed show him playing a Vega, but that is the Vega stick-like instrument known from a 1939 Vega catalogue (which also includes a different photo of Perry.) In our liner photo he is playing a conventionally-shaped violin with a pickup. We do not know whether or not this is an instrument personalized for him by Vega.


ABCD2-007/8 Stuff Smith, 1944–1946, Studio, Broadcast, Concert and Apartment Performances

disc 1

tracks 15 / 16 read: 12” 78 V-Disc, not 10” 78 V-Disc.

Of the four Mildred Bailey shows on which Stuff Smith was a guest, two complete dress rehearsals are known to be extant: 1 September 1944; 24 November 1944. Had we known in time, the 24 November 1944 dress rehearsal for “Humoresque” could have been included, alongside the 1 September 1944 dress rehearsal “Bugle Call Rag” which is included.

Also missing from the CD is a newly located part of a lost 26 August 1944 Rosenkrantz apartment session with Robert Crum. It is possible that the part that is still missing includes Jimmy Jones. Rosenkrantz’s files give Jones for this session but the lacquer correctly gives Crum. The located part is included in limited edition not-for-sale advance subscription bonus CD AB Fable XABCD1-X013 Bownus 2005 Almost Like Being in Bop where Jones is incorrectly given.

disc 2

tracks 1 / 2: newly located incomplete dub lacquers incl. the beginning and ending of “Fugue in Swing” nevertheless include a more complete spoken intro and suggests that this intro may possibly be spoken not by Crum, but by mc Barry Ulanov.

Two further released titles from St Louis, December 1946, have come to light on 78 Town and Country 503 “Take a Walk” matrix 509 / “Won’t You Take a Lesson in Love?” matrix 511. Only one example of the disc is currently known. CD release scheduled 2008.


ABCD1-009 Eddie South Solo, Trio and Orchestra, 1940–1947

tracks 19 / 20: the date is very late 1945, not ?October 1946. It is now known that the film was first released at least as early as 31 March 1946.

read: Zigeuner in Rhythm, not Ziguener. Konrad Nowakowski points out that although the published sheet music reproduced on our back liner reads “Tzigane in Rhythm” this may have been a publisher decision and South may well have preferred the form “Zigeuner in Rhythm” since this is how the mc introduces track 12, as well as this being the form found in the Columbia ledger for track 4. If so, our CD should be titled Zigeuner in Rhythm. However, track 18 is introduced by the mc as “Tzigane in Rhythm”.

read: cut in Columbus, Ohio, not Cincinnati

a second copy of 78 Franwil 1012 / 1013 has come to light

read: pressed in 1947, not in the early 1950s


ABCD1-010 Ginger Smock, Los Angeles Studio and Demo, 1946–1958

Ginger Smock’s 1947 interview in which she said she had recorded for Exclusive is still not proven as this newly discovered session is for Excelsior. Possibly, but by no means certainly, the Exclusive citation was in error. Unfortunately, the Excelsior labels and discographies were listing her as E. Colbert [Emma Colbert—Colbert being her name from a brief marriage] and discographies were giving her instrument as clarinet, although the labels give electric violin, which is how we came to overlook the following session, nevertheless inexcusably. This session predates her RCA Victor 1946 session previously cited as her first – research assistance courtesy Dieter Salemann; Klaus Teubig.

Joe Lutcher (br), Ginger Smock [as E. Colbert] (el vn), Willard McDaniels (pn), Red Callender (sb), Lucky Enois (dm), Joe Alexander (vc)
Los Angeles, July or August 1946
a OR 172 A I Woke Up with a Teardrop in My Eye (René, Jeffries) – Alexander (vc)
b OR 173 B Donkey Serenade (Friml, Stothart) – Alexander (vc)
78 Excelsior OR-172/173 (a,b)
CD AB Fable ABCD2-019/20 (a,b) Blows ’n’ Rhythm
NOTE A / B do not represent takes, only discs sides, each one of which has a different number.

Ginger Smock is present on John Erby and John Costa, Jr’s 78 label A Natural Hit! 103 and 105, as well as 104 by Ray Wheaton which we describe, though do not include for space reasons, but date incorrectly. It was apparently released September 1949, not late 1948, though September is a little early for a Christmas coupling. 103 is, in fact, different takes of our unidentified “demo” tracks 11, 12 and explains why Smock thought, incorrectly, that the vocalist might be Wheaton. Extraordinarily, a copy of 103 came to light in a London junk shop in March 2006. 105 came to light autumn 2011. The following discographical detail is mostly, but not totally, contained in Bob Eagle, “Re-Discovered: Arranger, Composer, Teacher and Master Musician John Erby, The Singing Pianist”, Record Research, 121 (New York, March, 1973), 1, 3-5, and should be used to amend all relevant incorrect information in our liner. John Erby and Monette Moore were earlier briefly married – research assistance courtesy Derek Coller; Konrad Nowakowski; Howard Rye.

Ginger Smock (vn), Nina Russell (og), John Erby (celesta on (AN-5) only, pn on (AN-6) only, ar), Ray Wheaton (vc)
Los Angeles, released September 1949
a AN-5-8 This Christmas I Give Love (Costa, Erby)
b AN-6-2 I Offer You (Erby)
78 A Natural Hit! 104 (a,b) – released – Smock released copy viewed

Tee Davis (ts), Ginger Smock (vn), Nina Russell (og), Jerome Tyrone Parsons (pn), Addison Farmer (sb), Freddie Baker-Jackson (dm), John Erby (md), James Ross (ar), Monette Moore (vc)
Los Angeles, released July 1949
c AN-7-2 Show Girl Blues (Moore, Costa, Erby)
d AN-8-2 That’s My Specialty (Erby)
78 A Natural Hit! 105 (c,d) – released – released copy viewed

Ginger Smock (vn), Jerome Tyrone Parsons (pn, vc, ar), Tee Davis on (f) only (celesta), Addison Farmer (sb), Freddie Baker-Jackson (dm)
Los Angeles, released 1949
e AN-9-1 I Couldn’t Take It – CD released test
f AN-9-2 I Couldn’t Take It (Costa, Erby) – 78 released
g AN-10-1 Guess I’d Better Knock on Wood – CD released test
h AN-10-2 Guess I’d Better Knock on Wood (Erby) – 78 released
78 test (e,g) – Smock damaged test viewed
78 A Natural Hit! 103 (f,h) – released – released copy viewed
CD AB Fable ABCD1-010 (e,g) Ginger Smock – uses the damaged 78 test takes because the 78 release was not known at the time
CD AB Fable ABCD2-019/20 (f,h) Blows ’n’ Rhythm

track 20 read: Brazil [aka Aquarelo do Brasil], not [Aquarelo do] Brazil

tracks 25 / 26 add: ? (sb)

track 27 read: ? (sb)

read: Joe Pass was a Las Vegas colleague. , not LA colleague.


ABCD2-011/12 I Like Be I Like Bop and accompanying booklet “Almost Like Being in Bop” herewith termed ALBB [not to be confused with the title of CD XABCD1-X013 which also carries the title Almost Like Being in Bop]

A bop-inflected recording, including an electric violinist, which has come to light since the release of this CD. It is included on ABCD2-019/20 Blows ’n’ Rhythm released 2008 (see the liner note there for contextual information and see also corrections to the liner note below) and should be considered an essential addition to I Like Be I Like Bop:

Herbie Francis (tp), prob. Dave Bubba [Bubber] Thomas (ts), Jimmy Lane (vn), Maceo Owens [aka Sheikh Al-Hajj Hazziez aka Maceo Hazziez] (pn), prob. George Barkley (sb) poss. Ernie Harewood (dm), Al Fats Thomas (md, composer)
Cleveland, prob. before 13 June 1952
a U7443 Dog Days
78/45 Checker 759 (a)
CD AB Fable ABCD2-019/20 (a) Blows ’n’ Rhythm
NOTE Thomas is known to have been something of an amateur trombonist, which instrument is not present here. He surely acts only as (md) on this composition of his. ¶ A voice calls what I had thought sounded like “Go Baker” after (sb) solo. ¶ Coupling U7442 Baby Please No No is Thomas (vc) with rhythm. Research assistance courtesy Robert L. Campbell, John Richmond, Arne Neergaard.

All refs. to the suggestion that the true title of the Jack Carman composition played by Hodeir could be “Tom Paine Was Here” are in error. The correct title is indeed “John Payne Was Here”, confirmed by a brother of Carman and published sheet music.


disc 1

track 3 personnel add: J. C. Heard (dm)

track 8, header read: Ginger Smock with Vivien Garry Quintet

track 12, track listings read: Wilk’s Bop, not Wilk’s Bob

track 15, “Minoration” performed on DuMont WGN-TV This Is Music, 17 January 1952. Johnnie Pate’s own lacquer, with this information on the label, is now in the AB Fable Archive, coupled with Pate (sb) and Claude Jones (pn) playing “Perdido”.

track 22: “Pulse” is the correct title. “Case Ace” is one of several broadcaster announcement errors – research assistance courtesy Ben Bierman. Jack McKinney reveals in IAJRC Journal, 39/2 (May 2006) that he is the source of the Handy aircheck.

track 24 – see ALBB p32 fol.

track 25 personnel read: Julio Bella (vn), Billy Marr (pn), Andy Hallup (sb), Billy Kallao (dm) [Marty Kallao (gt) plays on some of the other LP Fortune tracks] – research assistance Lauren Slepsky, cousin of Bella and granddaughter of Hallup; Kevin Coffey – see also ALBB p33 fol.

disc 2

track 13, matrix no. read: K431, not K531

track 19: Dieter Salemann tells us that the “announcer” whose voice we edited out is, in fact, Helmut Zacharias himself, confirmed by Coco Schumann. Accordingly, we should not have edited him out. Also, Amiga was an East German label and should not be designated [DR].


p6: When the “alternate” take of “Caravan” by Gillespie incl. Smith was first released on LP considerable obfuscation was caused. It is not, after all, rejected assumed take 1 but take 6, the last take. The original 78 released take is, in fact, mainly take 4 but with the tag ending of take 6 grafted on to replace a breakdown in take 4 during the recording of the tag ending. This makes a nonsense of our long-held belief that “Smith’s solo had yet to find the resolution of the searing master take” since the searing resolution took place before the LP released “alternate” take. This is an example of how a seemingly informative liner note is not at all accurate and also posits the question: how much editing in the form of patching in, grafting on and the like took place during the 78 era, both before and after the development of tape – research assistance courtesy Chris Sheridan whose definitive Gillespie discography is nearing completion.

p12: Ray Perry did not die in the fanciful way we reported. He died of Bright’s disease, or glomerulonephritis. We are grateful to his daughter Jule Byrd and grandson Alton Byrd for setting the record straight, and we offer them our apologies.

p16: We have been rightly admonished by Vincent Pelote in ARSC Journal for describing Ginger Smock’s bop-inflected swing as the first hard bop violin on record. We wanted to distinguish the Vivien Garry session on which she plays from Joe Kennedy’s self-described “light bop”. Kennedy is a cool player on his 1946 session. Smock is a hot, tougher, player.

p16: We describe our c.1941 liner photo of Perry as showing him playing a Vega electric violin. This may not be true. The 1941 Down Beat ad to which we refer does indeed show him playing a Vega, but that is the Vega stick-like instrument known from a 1939 Vega catalogue (which also includes a different photo of Perry.) In our liner photo he is playing an onventionally-shaped violin with a pickup. We do not know whether or not this is an instrument personalized for him by Vega. Accordingly, our conjecture that Ginger Smock may have been the first to record jazz on a solid- or tune-body, in her case a stick-like Rickenbacker, would be wrong if Perry played the stick-like Vega on his Hampton recordings, though he may not have.

p17: We wrote: “Apparently, nowhere else in Europe during this period [late 1940s–early 1950s] . . . is there a discernable trace of bebop violin.” We are glad we wrote “Apparently,” because it is not quite true. Hans Westerberg has told us about Finnish violinist and alto saxophonist Kalevi Viitamäki. Viitamäki was dedicated to playing bebop in the late 1940s. In Helsinki in 1948 and 1949 he recorded two titles, “GroovinHigh” and “Northwest Passage”, with his accordionist brother Kauko Viitamäki. Unfortunately, from our point of view, he played only alto sax on these recordings. Later, he abandoned bebop and found his heart in swing and popular music. He recorded his own album, Grand Old Swing, mostly on violin, but also on alto and baritione sax, in Helsinki in 1997.

Moving on to the mid 1950s, Dieter Salemann has drawn our attention to Polish-born German violinist Helmut Weglinski who made several bop-inflected recordings, in particular, of relevance to us, in 1955–1956, including “Esquire Bounce”, one of which should have found a place in I Like Be I Like Bop.

And on 13 November 1956 Australian-born Don Harper’s cocktail-bop “I’m Easy”, from his four-title debut UK session, including trombonist George Chisholm, could well have found a place.

Also, the Italian Fred Buscaglione, who found success as a novelty singer, recorded jazz as a bass player and once only as a violnist, even though violin was his first instrument. His one violin recording is his composition “Dixieland ’53”, which, despite its title, is firmly in a bop vein. Recorded in Turin, 17 January 1956 by Fred Buscaglione e i Suoi Asternovas, it is rereleased on CD Riviera [IT] RJR CD 019 Jazz al Nord: Jazz in Italy in the 30s, 40s & 50s

p19 where appropriate add: Bacsik, uncredited, plays lead violin with The Hungarian Gypsy Orchestra on the 1966 New York Audio Fidelity album Nora Kovach and Istvan Rabovsky’s Zigani Ballet.

p28 read: with Stuff Smith on a 1950 telecast., not . . . a late 1940s telecast.

pp31, 60: There were, in fact, nine, not eight, titles recorded by Vinnie Burke with Gerry Mulligan incl. Dick Wetmore, though only eight were originally scheduled for unreleased LP World Pacific WP1252 Stringtime. All nine titles have now been released, five for the first time, on 3CD Mosaic Select MS021Gerry Mulligan.

p32: The scheduled title of the unreleased Dave Coleman Transition LP was These Things by Dave Coleman. Apparently it was to contain four extended compositions. All but “Backstreet” are reputed to have been erased.

p33: Julio Bella’s real name was William Julius Margitza, as was his father Bela Ziggy’s. He was born Pittsburgh, 18 July 1934 and died Dearborn, Michigan, 16 April 1988. A cousin is tenor saxophonist Rick Margitza – research assistance courtesy Bella’s cousin, Lauren Slepsky; Kevin Coffey.

p38: Bacsik’s year of birth is confirmed as 1926, though he liked to tell people he was ten years older.

p39: It is understood that Bacsik himself was not a father. The loss of two sons could refer to the children, fathered by another, of a companion of the time with whom he had taken up in France or it may have been a fanciful story.

p39: Bacsik’s concert on violin and guitar at Salle Walgram, Paris (photos are extant) on the same bill as Grappelli was 1963, not 1964; Bacsik appeared with his own group; it is not known for certain whether Bacsik and Grappelli also played together on stage or were simply on the same bill; they are, however, known to have played together in some informal situation or other. An earlier concert with Bacsik on guitar, tracks of which have been released, appears to date from 1962 at Antibe.

pp53–54: Regarding Paul Whiteman’s notional 1938 “All-America Swing Band”, the following year, in association with votes cast by radio editors, Whiteman ousted Al Duffy, and Stuff Smith was after all sitting alongside Venuti, South and Malneck.

p54: Smith’s 1940 “Body and Soul” aircheck is now released on CD ABCD1-015 Stuff Smith Tenor Sax Septets 1937–1942

p55: Bruce Hinkson worked in African-American concert orchestras in New York. He took solos with huge orchestras led by pianist Barry Harris at Symphony Space Theatre, New York during the 1980s. The violinist and tenor saxophonist was one and the same. He is believed to have been born 3 August 1911 and to have died 19 February 1995. Research assistance courtesy Gayle Dixon, Alan Lucas for Barry Harris.

p58: read Django . . . CD Gitane, not LP Barclay

p60: Stringsville . . . CD Collectables

p60: Nimitz . . . CD Fresh Sound

p61: read: CD Dreyfus, not Drefus

p62: read: Bird and Dizzy: A Musical Tribute, not A Tribute

p74: read: GegŹ Di Giacomo, not Giacome

p74: Bacsik also doubled on bass


XABCD1-X013 Bownus 2005 Almost Like Being in Bop

tracks 1–2, read: Robert Crum (pn) – John Levy emphatically confirms not Jmmy Jones – date may be 5 August 1944

Wetmore does not play his composition “Blues for Esquire” but Kenny Burrell’s composition “Blues for Skeeter

Trinidad Road March by The Charmer is understood to have been recorded c.15 January 1956, not 1954

read: “Thank you, Charlie”, not “Hallo, Charlie”

read: Dominique Chanson (fl on (8) only, ts on (9) only), not other way round


ABCD1-014 Ray Nance 1940–1949 Non-Ducal Violin Featuring Ben Webster

tracks 2–8: location is very likely Dunbar Hotel. ¶The presence of Fred Guy (gt) has been questioned, in particular by Ellington specialist Bjarne Busk: “The CD with a.o. the private recordings from 1941 with Ben Webster on clarinet together with Nance, Blanton, Greer and a guitarist is out now on AB Fable ABCD1-014. The notes say that the guitar player ‘almost certainly’ is Fred Guy. It may be so, and it would be interesting to see the indications that lead to this conclusion. / If this is Fred Guy on the guitar, these recordings are the only recorded examples of solo playing by him, except a few recorded breaks with Duke Ellington. He plays intro on most of the titles, and a long solo on ‘Swingin’ in 4’. / Ken Steiner’s original research of the Ellingtonian movements in these days gave me the idea that the guitarist might be someone else, namely Alvin Junior Raglin, who of course later became Blanton’s successor in the Ellington band. / Junior Raglin lived on the West Coast at that time, and the article that Ken Steiner found and brought to our attention is Ken Freeman, ‘Music and Musicians’, California Voice (28 November 1941), p 5, where Raglin’s joining the Ellington orchestra after Blanton is reported, together with a ‘review’ of the same Junior Raglin’s fine solo guitar playing on an earlier date, apparently around June 1940 at a jam session at Frisco’s Dawn Club. / It would be fine if further research could lead to an affirmation of the identity of the guitarist on these sensational recordings, Fred Guy or Junior Raglin or somebody else.” ¶AB reponse: Because even the solos are all only chorded we firmly believe the guitarist is Guy. Henrik Wolsgaard-Iversen, of the Ben Webster Foundation, adds: “I remember that Ben once talked about Freddy Guy and said: ‘Oh, Freddy, he could play a lot of guitar—but Duke never used him as a soloist, preferred the horns . . .’” ¶There has also been some suggestion that (sb) is Junior Raglin. However, Brooks Kerr played the relevant tracks to Leonard Gaskin on 11 April 2006. Here is Gaskin’s response, relayed courtesy Steven Lasker: “Blanton but under-recorded. I detect the diatonic system peculiar to him which he invented.” ¶Dan Morgenstern recognizes Greer as the voice that encourages “Play it Ray” on track 6. ¶Our claim that these are the only known clarinet recordings by Webster is not quite right; also extant are a couple of other home recordings from a different session, though probably roughly contemporary.

track 12: in fact, Nance also plays (tp) momentarily at the very end

photo: a crop of the Apollo session photo first appeared in Esquire’s 1945 Jazz Book

sheet music folio: Nance’s Modern Rhythm Choruses, No. 2 was published by Robbins rather than Miller. It is possible that both were published by both and/or that Robbins took over Miller’s publications. Examples of the Nance in the AB Fable Archive read Miller for the original (first) series and Robbins for the new (second series). Format is similar and ads for the complete series by “Star-Soloists” are identical in both examples.

acknowledgements: read Henrik Wolsgaard-Iversen, not Iwersen


ABCD1-015 Stuff Smith Tenor Sax Septets 1937–1942

Our set is not as complete as we thought: 78 tests of unissued take 2s of all four titles at the second Varsity session have come to light and are now in the AB Fable Archive. They are now released for the first time on ABCD2-019/20 Blows ’n’ Rhythm.

“Crescendo in Drums” is also extant among the William Savory airchecks by Smith with Jonah Jones, Ben Webster, Clyde Hart, Cozy Cole from Randall’s Island Stadium Carnival of Swing 29 March 1938 now housed at the National Jazz Museum in Harlem

Track 1: We strongly suspect that Carl O. Seaman is an IM error for Carl Hogan, who recorded with Louis Jordan, but he is anyway unlikely to be the guitarist here.

Track 12 read: Gettin’ in the Groove (Cooper) [aka Ready, Get Set, Jump aka Ready, Set, Jump (Cooper, Raye)], not In a Little Riff (Smith)

Kjell Svahn tells us that the tune we titled “In a Little Riff” is not a Smith original but is, in fact, “Gettin’ in the Groove” by Al Cooper first recorded by Cooper’s Savoy Sultans in 1938. Later recordings, incl. ETs, of the same composition by, for example, Tiny Bradshaw, Dardanelle, Tony Pastor are variously titled “Ready, Get Set, Jump” and “Ready, Set, Jump” credited, where credit is given, to Al Cooper and Don Raye, the latter presumably lyricist.

read: Only Jonah Jones remained from the old band. (i.e. delete: . . . and bassist John Brown . . .)

read: Cole recorded the tune first, with Calloway on 17 July 1939. . ., not 1938

Al Casey in his 1962 interview with Sanley Dance reprinted in The World of Swing, says: “[. . .] Charlie Christian was my god. [. . .] I didn’t start all the single-string stuff I do now until after Fats [Waller] died [in 1943].” Casey’s 1942 airchecks with Smith show that he was, in fact, playing in this way at least a year earlier.

The photo of the Smith band with Ben Webster in which we question the identity of the pianist is confirmed as showing Sammy Price, not Clyde Hart. Location is probably Hi-Ho Club or possibly Merry-Go-Round, New Jersey, c.autumn 1938.


ABCD1-016 Rex Stewart and Stuff Smith

“Take a Walk” turns out to date from much earlier than we thought. Smith first recorded his composition, with vocal, in December 1946 for the St Louis Town and Country label. Only one example of the disc is currently known.

We are informed that Stewart and Smith were sitting on the floor throughout this session.

We are informed that the sessions actually took place in a neighbor’s house, rather than St Onge’s own house but we do not have clear confirmation.


XABCD1–X017 is the CD insert with the book Listening for Henry Crowder—see for corrections


ABCD1-018 Professor Visits Harlem

read in the credits for assistance: Nick Dellow [not Dick Dellow] who is correctly credited in the liner note itself. Our apologies.

It is probably of interest to note that Vladimir [aka Wladimir Ed] Selinski is a violinist with Red Nichols on some 1930–1931 recordings.

As we well know, Paul Nero was not Russian-born. He was German-born of Russian parents.

Also inexcusably, we have mis-spelt Poul Olsen’s name as Olson (we have been reading too much American poetry) on the front and in the liner note. His name is spelt correctly in the liner discography and back inlay track details.

Photo credit to New Friends of Rhythm read: Laura Newell [not Newall]. She is credited correctly in the track personnel.

Track 1: “Dinah”: Nick Dellow now thinks that the second “violin” may probably be a viola played by Bert Powell, Siday’s colleague in the Jack Payne orchestra at the time.

Tracks 6, 7 by Strings in Swingtime were also released on 78 Vocalion [EN] S149.

Track 8: “Sophisticated Swing” is composed Parish, Hudson [not Singing Strings].

Track 14: “I Love Coffee[, I Love Tea]” is a traditional song of no known authorship of which “Java Jive” was just one adaptation.

Track 15: “Opus III” is in fact theme from “Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso” by Saint-SaĎns. Our thanks to Robert Haydon Clark of Academy Violins, Lewes (our home town) for setting us straight. Indeed, when the same ensemble released the same arrangement (it does appear to be a different take or new recording) in 1946 or later on ET Lang–Worth it was correctly titled and credited. One source states that the Five Shades were active 1939–1942 but we believe they continued, or reprised, later in the 1940s.

Track 18 read: Leon Frengut (vl) [not Frengott]

Track 21: “Ol’ Man River” is, of course, composed Kern [not Foster, as given on and copied from LP label]. Our thanks to Andrew Homzy and Jay Shulman for pointing this out.

Track 23: Registered composers of “That’s Earl, Brother”; are Gillespie, Brown, Fuller [not just Gillespie] but Gillespie discographer Chris Sheridan believes it is Gillespie, Fuller.

Joe Roland note: it is the Savoy issues of “Half Nelson” which edit out the drum intro, not the Mercer 78.


Blows ’n’ Rhythm

disc 1

track 23: 78 Continental 10009 was indeed released, a year after the album, in May 1947. At the same time 10008 was rereleased outside the album – research assistance courtesy Han Enderman

disc 2

tracks 3, 4: Delete [South, Reinhardt]. Secondary sources who co-credit the composition to Reinhardt are in error. South is the sole composer

tracks 17, 18: The pianist on “Dog Days” is Maceo Owens, who later became Sheikh Al-Hajj Hazziez aka Maceo Hazziez, [not Nate Spencer] who played in Cleveland with, for example, Howard McGhee. Maceo Hazziez authored a book entitled The Book of Muslim Names (1976, repr. 2005). He studied Arabic and became Secretary at Imam W.D. Muhammad’s Mosque No. 7 in New York City. ¶Delete the suggestion that the personnel is drawn in full or in part from what was or became the Nate Spencer Orchestra. Of the instrumentalists only the violinist is known for certain to be present on both track 17 and 18. He is now believed hto be Jimmy Lane, a jazz violinist active in Cleveland in the early 1950s, incl. with Johnny [Hammond] Smith, who had also played in New York and Chicago. ¶In the track 17 annotation read U7442 Baby Please No No [not U7742]. ¶It is now known that Thomas sometimes played trombone but he appears to have been something of an amateur. Is he the trombonist with the Nate Spencer Orchestra on “blowing My Horn”. ¶Nate Spencer, as well as being a pianist and orchestra leader, was associated with managing Cleveland clubs. ¶Previously suggested Rae Carlson is not one of the musicians. She is confirmed as a vocalist who worked with Thomas in Cleveland. Research assistance courtesy John Richmond, Arne Neergaard, Dr Abdul Salaam.

pp10, 19: Claude Williams: we are mistaken in our belief that there are no commercial recordings of the period with Williams on violin. On 26 February 1951 he recorded four titles with the Austin Powell Quintet, on two of which he plays violin (and guitar on the other two): 78 Decca 48206; 45 Decca 9-48206 “Some Other Spring” coupled with “All This Can’t Be True”. They can be heard on youtube (not 1952 as given by some). These should have been included in place of our 1971 substitution, though we do not regret the exciting latter.

p12: On “Uptown Jive” by The Variety Boys HR took on board AB’s suggestion that at one point the words “Southern Jive” are sung. Kevin Coffey quite rightly points out that close listening reveals that the words are in fact “This Uptown Jive” and that nowhere is there “Southern Jive”.

pp16–17: Jimmy Baby Face Lewis was a close friend of, for example, Miles Davis and Thelonious Monk. He was a regular performer at venues including the Apollo and Cotton Club in New York. He was the grandfather of renowned percussionist Mingo Lewis. We hope to post further information in due course—research assistance courtesy Eugene Hayhoe.

p18 read: not long after he [Otto] had appeared at the Cotton Club with Earl Hines [not, at the Apollo]—AB, not HR, is responsible for this misinformation.


ABCD1-021 Eddie South Dark Angel Album Sets

There are now strong grounds to revise our opinion that the 1946-released Pilotones probably do not include the 1945 WOR Feature session. Billboard (May 19, 1945): “[. . .] it’s said that plans are now under way for Pilot Radio Corporation, a Long Island firm, to make a deal with WOR Feature Records [. . .] It’s not known whether this means that the WOR Feature label will be changed to Pilot [. . .] but that may come.” Billboard (12 November 1949): “The entire [Pilotone] catalogue was produced by Nat Abramson, head of the WOR Artists’ Bureau.” It is also confirmed that Pilotone owned their own recording studio as well as pressing plant. This now suggests that the three string section titles may have been recorded at WOR’s Broadway studio, shortly before July 1945, and the quintet titles either there or at Pilotone’s Long Island studio, at an unknown later date before November 1946, around which time the album was released.

Pilotone put its recording operation up for sale in November 1949, not in 1948.

The cymabalon player on tracks 17–20 on the Gold Seal session is surely Richard Marta. Billboard (22 November 1947) identified him in reviewing Shandor at The Golden Fiddle, New York, 12 November 1947.

Gold Seal of Chicago was owned by Leonard Klein but there is evidence to suggest that Gold Seals recorded in New York or area were released by a different company. Labels are different. More research is needed.

The caption to the photo of South’s Cafe Society Orchestra contains an error. It is not exactly the personnel that recorded the 1940 Columbia album, on which the bassist is Ernest Hill. It is, however, the exact personnel that participated in the 1940 Ginny Simms OKeh session, on which the bassist is Doles Dickens.

78 Okeh 6087 Ginny Simms, unlike her other disc with South does not identify South on the labels. The labels read only “Vocal with Orchestra”.


AB Fable ABCD1-022 Joe Bushkin and Stuff Smith

Jet Magazine
(2 April 1964) reported Smith still under treatment in the Knickerbocker Hospital, Manhattan. Even allowing for late reporting this throws into question the chronology of his 23 March 1964 MGM-Verve recording with Ray Nance, suggesting that it took place before hospitalization. In which case, Smith’s non-participation at Bushkin’s 20 March 1964 Town Hall concert was not occasioned by his hospitalization. As an aside, ten years earlier, Jet (16 December, 30 December 1954) reported Smith’s hospitalization at Sydenham Hospital, Manhattan.

The Ampeg Baby Bass ad cutting depicting Whitey Mitchell has not been found in Down Beat. Its source is, therefore, not currently known—perhaps Metronome.


AB Fable ABCD1-024 Stuff Smith Lucidin Orchestra

Three photo credits to Clyde Hart’s scrapbook, courtesy David Berger should be amended as follows:
Clyde Hart’s scrapbook
Copyright © 2010 Courtesy of the Milton J. Hinton Photographic Collection
courtesy David Berger, Holly Maxon

On p.3, track 22 is given in error as “It’s De-Losvely” instead of “It’s De-Lovely”

In the acknowledgements for assistance read K Nowakowski [not K Nowakowki]

The idea that Chick Webb took over the Lucidin program slot derives from a report found by Stuart Nicholson (Ella Fitzgerald biographer) in Metronome, apparently issue of January 1937, in which Helen Oakley writes: “Chick has been asked by the sponsors of the Lucidin program to take over for Stuff Smith and the boys, and the new program will commence on March 11th, three times a week, at 6.45 pm over WMCA.” This never happened. A plausible explanation: Lucidin Eye Lotion was a product of, or was quickly acquired, by Pearson Pharmacol Co. Inc. It appears to have been discontinued under the Lucidin name some months after its launch in 1937, after the Stuff Smith–Ella Fitzgerald January to March 1937 WMCA broadcasts, apparently in favor of Pearson product Eye-Gene Eye Drops, which was being advertised at least by September 1937 in Life magazine. Why was Lucidin dispensed with? A toxic colorant found in plants, in particular madder Rubia tinctorum, is named lucidin. Realization of an inappropriate name would surely have been reason enough.


AB Fable XABCD1-X025 Baby, Ain’tcha Satisfied?

The violinist on “Baby, Ain’tcha Satisfied?” is not Atwell Rose. He is Bill Brower – thank you Steven Lasker: The California Eagle (1/15/37, p10; courtesy of Nick Rossi) reported that “much credit is due Vernon Gower for his bass playing and also Bill Brower (ofay) violinist who played some fine fiddle on these recordings.”

Track 9: Both Foyd E. Sharp and Lionel de Leon are real pianists. One or the other is the probable accompanist to Heifetz. Emanuel Bay is unlikely to be the pianist.

Mosaic MD4-186 The Complete Verve Stuff Smith Sessions

This release has been withdrawn because of insoluable licensing difficulties. Examples turn up occasionally at auction. Corrections were originally posted on the Mosaic website where they are no longer available. Only corrections of substance are included here.

Smith with Morton 1928, not 1923

1953 WMGM airchecks eminate from L’Onyx Club, not Birdland

78 Town & Country “Nights Falls Again” coupled “Up Jumped the Devil” was recorded December 1946, not 1949. Two further titles from the same St Louis session have come to light: “Take a Walk” coupled with “Won’t You Take a Lesson in Love?”

“Time and Again” recorded by Kenny Preston with Dud Bascomb is not Smith’s composition of the same title but an entirely different composition

The location of the 1951 Dizzy Gillespie Dee Gee session was Chicago, not New York

The 1957 session with Oscar Peterson did find partial stereo release on two Verve tapes. Some titles on the tapes were never released on the LP while some on the LP were not on the tapes.

Watcha Gonna Do . . .”: Smith registered his composition at Library of Congress in 1961 under the title “Whatcha Gonna Do When You Dance Past Forty-Two, Dad?”

Henri Chaix’s 1968 LP is entitled Remembers the Greats, not Salutes the Greats; it was released on Philips, not Polydor


Frog DGF36 Eddie South: Black Gypsy: The Complete Victor, Gramophone and ARC Recordings, 1927–1934

12 March 1929 dating error
read: 22 February 1929, not 12 March 1929 – the error is ubiquitous but the EMI matrix ledger gives 22 February

read: Sterling Conaway (cornet –1 [as well as guitar]), not Possibly Arthur Briggs

27 September 1931
read: Stanley Wilson (tenor gt), not Everett Barksdale (bj)

It has quite logically been suggested that Nino (which means Baby) and twenty-year-old Cuban Sergio Barreto, now known conclusively to be the drummer brought back from Europe by South, are one and the same.

read: Marchéta (A Love Song of Old Mexico) (Schertzinger), not Marcheta (Shertzinger)
read: Se va la vida, not vido. It also appears that the composers are Edgardo Donato, María Luisa Carnelli (aka Mario Castro), not Melfi

read: Mama yo quiero un novio, not una novia. Composers Ramón Collazo, Roberto Fontaina, not Fontane, Callayo.

3 May 1933

read: (Denniker), not Dennicker

12 June 1933

read: (Gordon, Revel), not Reel

23 November 1934
read: At the Ball, That’s All (J. Leubrie Hill), not At the Ball (Unknown . . .)

Zinky Cohn (pn) may be a more likely contender than either Spaulding or Smith, neither of whom seems likely, but the truth is whoever it is is speculation.


Jazz Oracle BDW8054 Eddie South: 1933 Cheloni Broadcast Transcriptions

disc 3, track 3: Throw a Little Salt on the Bluebird’s Tail: composers: (Robin, Whiting). From Fox film Handle with Care. Sheet music publ. Movietone Music Corp., New York (1932)

p.2: South and his musicians, incl. Cuban drummer José Isidro Sergio Barreto, returned to USA on SS Leviathan sailing Cherbourg, 28 August 1931, arriving New York, 3 September 1931. The drummer in the two photos is therefore pretty conclusively Barreto. It has also quite logically been suggested that Nino (which means Baby) and twenty-year-old Sergio are one and the same. Research assistance courtesy Kevin Coffey, Hans Pehl, Howard Rye.

p.4: According to The Metronome (October 1931), 23, South’s September opening personnel at the new Rubaiyat on St Clair, the near north side, was King, South, Spaulding, Sterling Conway [sic: Conaway], Jerome Burke [sic: Bourke] percussionist de luxe. Various other reports of the venue give Wilson, and the other drummers, so there seems to have been quite a bit of toing and froing. Research assistance courtesy Steven Lasker.

p.15: An uncropped original print of the 1931 South International Orchestra photo has come to light revealing that it was taken by, though not necessarily at, Maurice Seymour Studios, Chicago.

pp.16, 34 Program 7: Vas Villst du Haben?

King and ensemble do indeed sing in German, of a sorts, as announced, and English, not in Yiddish as given in error in the liner notes. Confusion arises because of what looks like Yiddish orthography in the title line, “Vas villst” instead of “Was willst’, of this composition by Bryan and Monaco (New York, Walter Donaldson, 1932) featuring English lyrics with single German expressions. The orthography of the title line probably simply shares Yiddish orthography in the wish to ensure for native English speakers the pronunciation of a German instead of an English “w”. In sum, the orthography in the sheet music, and presumably on most record labels, is impossible in German but possible in Yiddish, whereas there is nothing Yiddish either in what King and ensemble sing or in the published sheet music. Nevertheless, anyone coming across the cover of the sheet music would reasonably assume that it was Yiddish—see published lyrics, and the South version, fol.

The South version surprises not only because they sing it almost entirely in German, not in English as in the published sheet music, but also because of the introduction and the second chorus following the instrumental solo. The introduction is the melody and the first words of the song “Ach [or “Oh”] du lieber Augustin”, which is Viennese. This introduction has nothing to do with “Vas Villst Du Haben?” itself. The Augustin song, or rather the story behind it, known to everyone in Vienna, is a sort of hymn to the Viennese character: you fall into a pit filled with the bodies of plague victims but if you are drunk enough it will not harm you. Just don’t take it all too seriously—see adapted Wikipedia entry, fol.

After the Augustin introduction they go into a rendition of the first set of chorus lyrics in the sheet music, with Fritzie and Mitzie dancing, but translated into German. However, after the instrumental solo, instead of the second set of chorus lyrics in the sheet music—which includes the un-Viennese pumpernickel [the sheet music prints “pumpernickle”], pretzels and pickle apparently fed to the children—they enter a Viennese Gasthaus: “Vas villst du haben, mein Herr?” is what the waiter now asks, and the ensemble vocal answers “Ein Wiener Schnitzel.” The “sweetest music to mein ear” [the sheet music reads “my”] is no longer the question “Vas villst du haben?” as in the sheet music, apparently from a child’s perspective, but the answer “Ein Wiener Schnitzel.” This is repeated with “Ein grosses Helles”, which is beer. Fritzie is no longer dancing. Instead, she arrives with the schnitzel, which makes her the waitress.

The question arises how the South orchestra came to sing it in German at all and how it came to be about Vienna, not only with the unexpected “Augustin” introduction but also with the “Wiener Schnitzel”. The idea of changing it into a conversation with the waiter is also a departure from the published sheet music. It sounds very much as if they are making fun of the American novelty song. Whether South and his musicians concocted their version or found it in an earlier written or recorded version cannot quite be substantiated but all the indications point to it being uniquely theirs. It appears very unlikely that there was ever a German version of the lyrics, published or recorded, because only very simple things appear in German while the rest is in English with German pronunciation. There are also several grammatical inaccuracies. Certainly, someone decided to turn the published song into an excursion to Vienna, a city which South, King and Spaulding knew very well indeed. It should also be noted that this song, with its Viennese “Augustin” introduction, opens a program that includes another Viennese song “Liebe Was Es Nie”, which has a genuine German-language original, which King choses to sing, although it is announced under the title of its published English version: “Take Me in Your Arms”.


“Vas Villst Du Haben?” words by Al Bryan, music by James V. Monaco (New York, Walter Donaldson, 1932), courtesy example in the Konrad Nowakowski archive.

What a lovely night tonight,
Don’t you think so Lena?
Look at Fritzie holding Frieda’s hand!
Make it one big night tonight,
Let’s get happy, Lena,
Never mind the music of the band

Vas villst du haben?
My heart is throbbin’,
the sweetest music to my ear is
vas villst du haben!
Vas villst du Heinie?
Ask your Maedchen kleinie,
the sweetest music to my ear is
vas villst du haben!

Oompapapa, Oompapapa,
Papa look at Fritzie,
My papapa, Your papapa,
Dancing with his Mitzie.

Just let the bubbles,
Drown all your troubles,
The sweetest music to my ear is
Vas villst du haben! haben!

Plenty noise and plenty fun,
Gets good friends together,
Makes the world one happy family!
Let it rain and let it pour,
Never mind the weather,
If the food is good and music free.

Vas villst du haben?

Come on Lena, Come on Lena,
Have some pumpernickle [sic],
Pass the pretzels, Wilhelmina,
Have a sour pickle.

Just let the bubbles,


“Vas Villst Du Haben?” sung by Clifford King and ensemble with Eddie South (1933) – transcribed more or less as pronounced incl. ungrammatical usages

piano intro: melody of “Ach, du lieber Augustin
ensemble: Ach du lieber Augustin Augustin Ah

Oompa oompa oompapa
Oompa oompa oompapa
Oompa oompa oompapa
Oompa oompa oompapa

Vas villst du haben?
Mein Herz ist trobbin
Du schweetest music to mein ear ist
Vas villst du haben!

Vas villst die Heinie?
Frag dein Mädchen kleinie
Du schweetest music to mein ear ist
Vas villst du haben!

Oompapapa oompapapa
Papa schau auf Fritzie
Mein Papapa dein Papapa
Tanzt mit de Mitzie

Joost let your bobbels
Drown’d all your troubles
Du schweetest music to mein ear ist
Vas villst du haben!

Vas villst du haben?
instrumental solo

spoken: Vas villst DU haben mein Herr?
ensemble: Ein Wiener Schnitzel!
Du schweetest music to mein ear ist
ensemble: Ein Wiener Schnitzel!

spoken: Vas villst DU haben mein Herr?
ensemble: Ein grosses Helles!
Du schweetest music to mein ear ist
ensemble: Ein grosses Helles!

Oompapapa Oompapapa
Papa hier kommt Fritzie
Mein Papapa dein Papapa
Kommt mit die Schnitzeln

spoken: Vas villst DU haben mein Herr?
ensemble: Ein grosses Helles!
Du schweetest music to mein ear
ensemble: One glass of light beer!


Adapted entry from Wikipedia: “Oh [often “Ach”], du lieber Augustin” is a Viennese folk song. In 1679 the bubonic plague became epidemic in Vienna. Lieber Augustin was a popular street musician who, according to legend, late one night when he was drunk, fell into a pit filled with the bodies of plague victims. Augustin did not contract the disease, which may have been because of the influence of the alcohol. The story lives on in the song “Oh, du lieber Augustin” with lyrics and melody by Marx Augustin (1679):

Oh, du lieber Augustin, Augustin, Augustin,
Oh, du lieber Augustin, alles ist hin.
Geld ist weg, Mäd’l ist weg,
Alles hin, Augustin.
Oh, du lieber Augustin,
Alles ist hin.
Rock ist weg, Stock ist weg,
Augustin liegt im Dreck,
Oh, du lieber Augustin,
Alles ist hin.
Und selbst das reiche Wien,
Hin ist’s wie Augustin;
Weint mit mir im gleichen Sinn,
Alles ist hin!
Jeder Tag war ein Fest,
Und was jetzt? Pest, die Pest!
Nur ein großLeichenfest,
Das ist der Rest.
Augustin, Augustin,
Leg’ nur ins Grab dich hin!
Oh, du lieber Augustin,
Alles ist hin!


p.34 Program 7 read: Liebe, not Libe; read: Markusch, not Markush


Soundies SCD4120 Eddie South: The Dark Angel of the Fiddle

Recording date is November 1944, not September 1944


Hep CD1085 Stuff Smith, The Complete 1936–1937 Sessions

True take 1 of “I’se a Muggin’ [Part 2] Musical Numbers Game” was indeed withdrawn soon after release in USA. Both takes show take 1, the withdrawn true take 1 apart from the matrix number, the false take 1 as a suffix to the matrix number.

Jonah Jones on the background to opening at the Onyx in John Chilton, Hot Jazz, Warm Feet (London, Northway, 2007): “ ‘All of us except Stuff were sceptical about going to New York but he was very eager and knowing we were doubtful he went ahead and started fixing a new line-up consisting of New York-based musicians, but word of this reached the New York bookers and they came down hard and said, “We want the regular band from Buffalo.” Next thing I know a tough-looking little guy calls on me. I’d never seen him before and I’ve never seen him since. He looked straight at me and said, “It would be very good for you to go and play in New York, and very, very bad for you to stay here in Buffalo.” It was a threat but I wasn’t worried, I thought I’ll go down to the musicians union and they’ll sort all this out. So in all innocence I went to the Union in Buffalo and said, “Some guy is pressurising me into going to New York.” The union guy looks at me and gives a sickly sort of smile and says, “I think you better do what the man says.” It was like a bad movie. It was all sewn up that I was going to New York, so I did.’ ” This throws rather a different light on Smith’s efforts to recruit new musicians.